Although Andorra had the highest life expectancy in the world in 2013 (81 years) and is very rich, the negative population growth is a byproduct of several factors. This is a population decline of about 12.3%. Click on the name of the country or dependency for current estimates (live population clock), historical data, and … Twenty three countries will see populations shrink by more than half, including japan, thailand, italy and spain, the authors predicted. the u.s. is forecast to have the fourth largest working age. Countries from which many young people migrate experience aging populations that do not replenish themselves at a rate high enough to grow or remain stable. Japan’s population is projected to lose 20.7 million people between 2020 and 2050. The Lithuanian population is projected to shrink by 22.1% over the next three decades. Greece’s population could decline up to 50% over the next 50 years if nothing is done to combat it. The decline in Georgia’s population is caused by the emigration in search of better jobs in other countries. The current population of 60.5 million people will reduce to 54.4 million over the next 30 years. Most who immigrate end up migrating to New Zealand. Hungary’s population is projected to drop from 9.7 million in 2020 to 8.5 million in 2050. Births are at an all-time low since the unification of Italy and young people are leaving Italy to other European countries for job opportunities. Low birth rates and continued emigration are the two main reasons for Poland’s population decline. Additionally, a declining population alleviates the problems associated with overpopulation in areas affected by it, such as increased pollution, traffic, real estate and rent prices, and environmental degradation. In addition to lowering working age population, population decline will also lower the military age population, and therefore military power. This is a decline of about 18.9%. Mass emigration and population decline, assisted by the end of the Cold War and latterly facilitated by accession into the EU by many former Soviet states, has been occurring since the early 1990s so it isn’t a new … Besides this industry and a few people working in tourism, jobs can be hard to come by. Other countries outside of Europe that could see a steep decline in population include Japan and Thailand, the study says. Countries in the world by population (2020) This list includes both countries and dependent territories.Data based on the latest United Nations Population Division estimates. Political strife and instability still cause many Lebanese people to seek out a safer life elsewhere. Countries with shrinking populations are often surrounded by others suffering the same quandaries. Bulgaria, Latvia, Moldova, Ukraine, Croatia, Lithuania, Romania, Serbia, Poland, Hungary, are estimated to see their population shrink by 15% or more by 2050. The population is expected to shrink from 2.7 million to 2.1 million people. This is considerably higher than that of the mainland US, which sat at about 13% at that time.Â, Since Puerto Ricans can readily immigrate to the continental US (and can only vote for a president if they do so), many choose to make the leap. Hurricanes Maria and Irma have also forced many people in Puerto Rico to leave following the destruction they caused in 2017.Â, Another territory of the US, American Samoa, is one experiencing declining numbers as people seek a better economic future. There are several other countries with declining populations, including georgia ( 1.21%), latvia ( 1.18%) and romania ( 0.79%). Countries with natural decline (deaths exceeding births) as of 2001 include… The country’s birth rate is 9.2 births per 1,000 people and its death rate is 15.2 deaths per 1,000 people. A shrinking population can mean more resources can be allocated to the population and per capita wealth could increase. Between 2007 and 2015, about 3.5 million Romanians have gone abroad to escape poverty and widespread corruption. Among the 10 smaller countries with the greatest population declines, all are in Europe, and outside Western Europe, with Bulgaria’s population expected … It wasn’t until 2019 that the nation’s first labor force study was completed since the war, and it revealed some reasons why Lebanese people may be leaving.Â, Unemployment was discovered to be running at about 11.4% and this is without including refugee camps in the country. Portugal has made attempts to lure back those who emigrated, whether or not they are highly paid or highly skilled. Portugal. Visit Business Insider’s homepage for more stories . When it comes to relative population decline European countries are in the lead: Bulgaria first, followed by Latvia, Moldova, Ukraine, Croatia and Lithuania. Using the UN’s population estimates, we found the 20 countries projected to have the largest percent decline in population from 2020 to 2050. Even the launch of pro-natalist programmes for mothers and children by the government could not revive the population growth in developed countries. 17. The population is expected to shrink from 126.5 million to 105.8 million, a 16.3% decline. Among the 10 smaller countries with the greatest population declines, all are in Europe, and outside Western Europe, with Bulgaria’s population expected to shrink 27% by 2050 and Romania’s 22%. Cuba’s population of 11.3 million is expected to shrink to 10.2 million by 2050, a 10.3% decline. Decline in Military Strength. The United States is the only developed country with fertility approximately at replacement level. The United Nations publishes demographic projections regularly, allowing Business Insider to study the fertility, mortality, and international migration projections to determine the 20 countries projected to have the largest percentage population declines over the next three decades (2020-2050). Estonia’s population of 1.3 million is projected to decline by 12.7% to 1.2 million by 2050. US territories can have trouble maintaining their populations as many face high poverty rates, and intense natural disasters but do not receive enough government funding. The study also suggests that some countries' population decline could be offset by immigration. America’s population is also falling, but the study asserts that the US, along with some countries such as Canada and Australia, will probably maintain its working-age population through migration. It has a tiny population of about 6,000 people, the majority of whom are employed in fish processing. By the turn of the twenty-first century, the developed world also faced population decline. Even China's population will be declining by the early 2030s, according to the UN, which projects that by 2050 populations will be lower than they are today in 50 countries. Population decline has both positive and negative impacts on a nation. The results of many of these studies show that the estimated impact of population growth on economic growth is generally small and can be positive, negative, or nonexistent. Populations are falling even where advanced industrialism is not in place, and in areas where only urbanization and a decline of … The Portuguese population is projected to decline from 10.2 million to 9.1 million over … So many are leaving that in 2018, prime minister Henry Puna promised to pay mothers baby bonuses of $770 for each child born on the islands in order to combat population decline.Â, Poverty and natural disasters are the main reasons people are migrating from Puerto Rico. The reasons for overlapping negative population growth in these countries are low fertility, family planning, the difficult economic situation leading to poverty and unemployment, high emigration … A population decline in Asian countries could erode the geopolitical power of the region as a whole. The areas with the highest rates of population decline are Zeeland Flanders, southern Limburg and northern and eastern Groningen. Latvia’s population loss is caused by economic migration and low birth rates. The median age of the population is expected to increase from … But the population of sub-Saharan Africa could triple from an estimated 1.03 billion in 2017 to 3.07 billion, due to a declining death rate and more women entering reproductive age. Nigeria and other countries in Africa are bucking the trend of population decline. The population is expected to decline by 11.8%, shrinking from 4.0 million to 3.5 million from 2020 to 2050. In another example, while South Korea currently boasts a younger than average population, it will age rapidly and end up with the highest old-to-young ratio among developed countries. A low fertility rate of 1.57 children born for every woman in 2018 also contributes to a shrinking population.Â, This being said, life expectancy is high in Saint Pierre and Miquelon and citizens enjoy universal healthcare, as well as a free education through high school.Â, Many factors can cause a country to have a shrinking populace. Reasons for Population Decline. In addition to lowering working age population, population decline will also lower the military age population, and … This also left thousands homeless and destroyed buildings for miles around.Â, What else is contributing to a decreasing population? Latvia is expecting a 21.6% population loss between 2020 and 2050. Unlike other US territories, it does not have a strong tourist industry. North Macedonia’s population has fallen by 24.6% since its independence in 1991. What was once an agricultural area becomes a new suburb, and what were once thriving cities can be reduced to rubble in war, or be abandoned over time, due to economic decline. The poverty rate in Puerto Rico, which is an American territory, was 43.1% in 2018. Sub-Saharan Africa could see its population climb from about 1.03 billion in 2017 to 3.07 billion by the end of the century because of the amount of women entering reproductive age there and a decline … This territory is stuck in a difficult spot. In 2000, the average TFR in the developed world was1.6. Policies Hungary to help slow the population decline are focused on boosting birthrates. Population is already falling in countries such as Japan and a future global decline is more plausible than ever before. Population decline, also known as depopulation, is a reduction in a human population caused by events such as long-term demographic trends. This statistic shows the 20 countries with the highest population decline rate in 2017. Many of Serbia’s highly educated and skilled workers have left the country to find better job opportunities since there are very few in Serbia. And when federal funds and grants, which represent a big portion of the country’s government revenues and are based on the size of the population, decrease, it starts a self-fulfilling economic loop downwards. The population is projected to drop from 4.1 million to 3.4 million over the next 30 years. The average growth rate for the nations was 1.11% in 2018, with a 10-year growth rate of 1.19% and a 50-year … As economic and political opportunities move around the globe in response to our needs and wants as humans, people will continue to migrate, and populations will continue to change.Â, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, Countries With The Largest Aging Population In The World, Countries By Percentage Of World Population, South American Countries by Population Density, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. Bosnia and Herzegovina’s fertility rate is well below the population replacement rate of 2.1 births per woman at 1.26 births per woman. 79 billion by 2100. Europe Population Growth. Globally population growth stands at around 75 million, or 1% a year, and while much has been written about the challenges this creates, some countries are grappling with an entirely different problem – decreasing populations. Now, the scene is slightly different.  From low fertility rates to few job prospects and natural disasters, the list of reasons people leave their home country to find a new one is changing, as are the countries grappling with this problem. With a population of approximately 77,281 (2016) people, the country is the eleventh-smallest by population and sixteenth-smallest by land in the world. Both the U.S. and world populations are forecast to … War, political unrest, and racial or ethnic persecution can be major drivers that cause people to migrate in search of a better life. Immigration has delayed a quicker population decline in recent years. In certain other parts of the country, population decline is anticipated but has not yet actually started. Current and projected population decline. The areas with the highest rates of population decline are Zeeland Flanders, southern Limburg and northern and eastern Groningen. Poland’s population is predicted to drop by 12.0%. Citizens are leaving and migrating out to greener pastures, causing the population to creep downwards faster than it can be replaced.Â, In recent times, places that are home to a lot of war, such as Syria, topped the list of countries with declining populations. Europe is leading the world in countries with declining population growth and an aging population, but this problem is one that affects most developed countries at some point. Like Bulgaria, Lithuania’s largest population loss is due to mass migration. When this happens, the population declines over time.Â, Where people live on Earth is always in flux. Big countries, with large populations, assuming technology and other things being equal, tend to have greater military power than small countries with small populations. Click on the name of the country or dependency for current estimates (live population clock), historical data, and projected figures. Ukraine’s population is projected to drop from 43.7 million in 2020 to 35.2 million in 2050, a 19.5% loss. Bulgaria’s population is expected to decline by 22.5% from 6.9 million in 2020 to 5.4 million in 2050. And countries such as Russia, where population is declining outside the context of a robust capital infrastructure, will see per capita GDP decline depending on the price of commodities like oil. Countries with shrinking populations are often surrounded by others suffering the same quandaries. Here, the population is projected to fall by 16% by 2040.In certain other parts of the country, population decline is anticipated but has not yet actually started. The population is projected to decline by 18.2%, shrinking from 3.3 million in 2020 to 2.7 million in 2050. Over the next 30 years, the population will drop from 37.8 million to 33.3 million people. By Victoria Simpson on September 14 2020 in Society, We usually think of our planet as bursting at the seams with people. Moldova’s population will decline by 16.7% from 2020 to 2050. Name the countries that experienced population decline between 2010-2020 Changes in the working-age population are likely to be particularly important for policymakers. By 2100, experts predict Earth’s population will peak at a tremendous 11 billion souls, packing some cities and countries with more individuals than is possible to really handle. Hungary’s population has fallen by about over 40,000 per year and shows no signs of slowing down. During the period, little-known Andorra registered a population growth rate of -3.61%. While the nations are ranked by their 2018 rate of population decline, the data is accurate as of 2019. The young people leaving the country and low birth rates are resulting in an increasingly aging population. Compared to other Baltic states, Estonia’s population decline has been relatively slow and stable. The Italian population is also expected to more than halve, from 61 million … Without a change to the support it gets, American Samoa will likely continue to see a decreasing population in the future.Â, An island governed by France but located just off the coast of Canada near Newfoundland and Labrador, Saint Pierre and Miquelon is charming, yet has its share of troubles. The authors highlight that population decline has both positive and negative consequences. Predictions of the net economic (and other) effects from a slow and continuous population decline (e.g. The Portuguese population is projected to decline from 10.2 million to 9.1 million over the next three decades, a 10.9% decline. Globally, the working-age population will see a 10% decrease by 2060. In 2100 the world population is estimated to have reached 11.2 billion. Big countries, with large populations, assuming technology and other things being equal, tend to have greater military power than small countries with small populations. Here are the top five countries with the biggest population declines in 2020.Â, Lebanon has an ongoing history of conflict. It will fall the most drastically by 35% … Economic instability, which can often accompany violent conflict, can also be a major cause of migration. Japan’s population has been falling since 2011 due to very low fertility rates (1.42 births per woman) and an aging population. And countries such as Russia, where population is declining outside the context of a robust capital infrastructure, will see per capita GDP decline depending on the price of commodities like oil. Cuba’s population is expected to be the ninth-oldest in the world by 2050. The population will reduce from 19.2 million to 16.3 million over the next three decades. Thus, it predicts population decline will happen sooner than current United Nations forecasts. Mass emigration and population decline, assisted by the end of the Cold War and latterly facilitated by accession into the EU by many former Soviet states, has been occurring since the early 1990s so it isn’t a new phenomenon. The population is expected to decline by 11.8%, shrinking from 4.0 million to 3.5 million from 2020 to 2050. It is estimated that over 38% of the Albanian population lives abroad. The population of Greece is expected to shrink from 10.4 million to 9.0 million, 1 13.4% over the next 30 years. Population decline can be caused by one or a combination of these trends, including aging, emigration, fertility rates below the population replacement rate, and high death rates due to violence, disease, or other catastrophes. North Macedonia’s population is expected to drop by 10.9%, shrinking from 2.1 million to 1.9 million from 2020 to 2050. A recent meta-study f… Lebanon, Cook Islands, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and Saint Pierre and Miquelon top the list as countries with the biggest population decline. Poverty and corruption in Moldova have pushed the highly-skilled, young workers away from the country and the aging population has been plagued by poor living standards and high mortality rates. In these areas, the population is projected to fall by 4% by 2040.In the rest of the Netherlands, population growth o… War can cause countries to face economic and political troubles decades after it ends. The high migration rates are coupled with low fertility rates. Due to varying demographic challenges around the world, many countries are facing shrinking populations. Simply put, many people living there are looking for a better economic future, and often have to leave to find it. The first non-European country on the top is the United States of America on 12th place. What factors are behind the decline in the fertility rate? China's population is expected to peak in 2031, while the populations of Japan and South Korea are projected to decline after 2020. It's projected that Europe will lose 30 million people of working age by 2050, while the number of people in their 80s and 90s … Number 1 on our list of top 12 countries with declining population is Andorra with a phenomenal rate of decrease. Decline in Military Strength. By 2100, 183 of the 195 countries … China’s population is forecast to decline by 48% by the end of this century. Countries in the world by population (2020) This list includes both countries and dependent territories.Data based on the latest United Nations Population Division estimates. Latvia: The population is projected to drop from 1.9 million in 2020 to 1.5 million … Women in the country are also having fewer babies than the average global fertility rate (2.087 compared with 2.5 on average, around the world).Â, The population of the Cook Islands, which is tiny, between 17,000 and 18,000 people, has been declining for a number of years. This leads to skills shortages and … But for immigration, many Anglo countries with declining birth rates including Australia and the US would be shrinking population-wise too. The decline in Georgia’s population is caused by the emigration in search of better jobs in other countries. The Albanian population is expected to decrease by 15.8% over the next 30 years, falling from 2.9 million people to 2.4 million people. In spite of this, some locations are actually still struggling to keep people living within their borders. In fact, more Cook Islanders now live in New Zealand than in their home country.Â, Those who do stay in the country often make a living exporting pearls, fishing, working in agriculture, or by having a career in offshore financing. People in this country experienced a long civil war that lasted from about 1975 to 1990, and this has left its mark. There are several other countries with declining populations, including Georgia (-1.21%), Latvia (-1.18%) and Romania (-0.79%). The population is expected to fall by 600,000 from 4 million to 3.4 million. Italy’s population is projected to shrinking by 10.1% from 2020 to 2050. Greece’s population began declining in 2011 when the first negative birth rate was recorded. Romania’s population is projected to decline by 15.5% from 2020 to 2050. For the Gulf states, there is an additional dilemma. Latvia has lost about one-fifth of its population since joining the European Union in May 2004. Italy. Mass outbound migration is the largest contributor towards Bulgaria’s population decline. Population decline, however, can also lead to an aging population if fewer babies are being born, subsequently leading to a shrinking workforce, especially highly-educated, high-skilled workers. China's population is expected to peak in 2031, while the populations of Japan and South Korea are projected to decline after 2020. A Declining Workforce. Examples of the country’s lack of solid leadership include the fact that in 2020, 2,750 tonnes of ammonium nitrate were accidentally detonated in a port in Beirut, killing 190 people. due to low fertility rates) are mainly theoretical since such a phenomenon is a relatively new and unprecedented one. The population reached its peak in 1991 at 4.78 million but has been declining since because of low birth rates and an aging population. To compile these countries with a declining population, we once again referred to the United Nations. One is the changes in marriage behavior. Between the years 2010 to 2015, the United Nations reported that Andorra had the largest population decline in the world, at -3.61%. Here, the population is projected to fall by 16% by 2040. These countries’ average population growth rates over the past 10 and 50 years are also included. There are several other countries with declining populations like Georgia (-1.21%), Latvia (-1.18%), and Romania (-0.79%) among others. Already dwindling are the populations of Russia (since 1992), Japan (first in 2008 and uninterrupted since 2010) and Italy (since 2014). Andorra, a small mountainous country sandwiched between France and Spain, only has a population of 77,821 people to begin with. As quality of life in Andorra is excellent - the country's life expectancy i… The Serbian population is expected to decline from 8.7 million to 7.1 million over the next 30 years. 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