Using the from … import construction allows us to reference the defined elements of a module within our program’s namespace, letting us avoid dot notation. To break down the meaning of the absolute import above, subword_count is a folder in your project's directory that holds the wordcounter.py file. __name__: Tells you just the name of the module. Python modules vs. Python packages A module is a Python file which contains code, saved with the .py extension. In this article, we are going to discuss what Python packages & modules are, to create our own & where they are located in our file system. You may want to change a name because you have already used the same name for something else in your program, another module you have imported also uses that name, or you may want to abbreviate a longer name that you are using a lot. A Python file called hello.py has the module name of hello that can be imported into other Python files or used on the Python command line interpreter. Import statements in Python enable you to access code created by other programmers. For example, to work with dates and times, you don’t have to import every Python module out there. For most beginning and intermediate programmers, working with multiple directories in Python projects can be frustrating at times. sudo apt-get install python3 pydoc3 modules :If we run the progr… There are actually a few ways to import functionality from modules. Modules Python modules makes the programming a lot easier. are referred to as modules. There may be times where you don’t really need the whole kit-and-caboodle. In Python, a module is a self-contained Python file that contains Python statements and definitions, like a file named GFG.py, can be considered as a module named GFG which can be imported with the help of import statement.However, one might get confused about the difference between modules and packages. For example, when you import only pi from the math module, like this: Then you can refer to pi in your code is simply pi, not math.pi. You may also notice people importing a Python module like this: The asterisk is short for “everything.” So in essence, that command is exactly the same as import math, which also imports the entire math module. Making use of modules allows us to make our programs more robust and powerful as we’re leveraging existing code. For some modules, it is commonplace to use aliases. Python’s Import Path. In Python, modules are accessed by using the import statement. To make use of the functions in a module, you’ll need to import the module with an import statement. An import statement is made up of the import keyword along with the name of the module. In other programs, you may see the import statement take in references to everything defined within the module by using an asterisk (*) as a wildcard, but this is discouraged by PEP 8. Among these are several common functions, including: These built-in functions, however, are limited, and we can make use of modules to make more sophisticated programs. Python Package In this article, you'll learn to divide your code base into clean, efficient modules using Python packages. When Python imports a module called hello for example, the interpreter will first search for a built-in module called hello. Bonus: Also read: the example of File handling in python: Delete File, used an import the OS module to delete a file in python. For example, to import the module support.py, you need to put the following command at the top of the script − #!/usr/bin/python # Import module support import support # Now you can call defined function that module as follows support.print_func("Zara") When the above code is executed, it produces the following result − Hello : Zara You’ll see more details about the mechanics of the Python import system later. This .pyc file is useful when you import the module the next time from a different program - it will be much faster since a portion of the processing required for importing a modu… One of the most common is to simply import the whole Python module. The construction of this statement looks like this: Let’s modify the name of the math module in our my_math.py program file. We use modules to break down large programs into small manageable and organized files. To import all objects (functions, variables, classes, etc.) For example, if you enter this command: Be aware that when you import just part of a Python module, the help() and dir() functions for the whole module won’t work. In this guide, we’ll provide examples and you’ll learn how to create a Python module. Python modules can get access to code from another module by importing the file/function using import. DigitalOcean eBook: How To Code in Python, Python 2 vs Python 3: Practical Considerations, How To Install Python 3 and Set Up a Local Programming Environment on Ubuntu 18.04, How To Install Python 3 and Set Up a Programming Environment on an Ubuntu 18.04 Server, How To Work with the Python Interactive Console, An Introduction to Working with Strings in Python 3, An Introduction to String Functions in Python 3, How To Index and Slice Strings in Python 3, How To Do Math in Python 3 with Operators, Built-in Python 3 Functions for Working with Numbers, Understanding List Comprehensions in Python 3, How To Write Conditional Statements in Python 3, How To Use Break, Continue, and Pass Statements when Working with Loops in Python 3, How To Use *args and **kwargs in Python 3, How To Construct Classes and Define Objects in Python 3, Understanding Class and Instance Variables in Python 3, Understanding Class Inheritance in Python 3, How To Apply Polymorphism to Classes in Python 3, How To Debug Python with an Interactive Console, Next in series: How To Write Modules in Python 3, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. To refer to items from a module within your program’s namespace, you can use the from … import statement. You can always use the documentation to verify this. To speed up loading modules, Python caches the compiled version of each module in the __pycache__ directory under the name module. This tutorial will walk you through checking for and installing modules, importing modules, and aliasing modules. It’s basically a file that consist of already written code. import module_name When import is used, it searches for the module initially in the local scope by calling __import__() function. To begin, we’ll create a function that prints Hello, World! For example, if you’ve only executed from math import pi in your code and you attempt to execute a dir(math) or help(math) function, it won’t work, because Python doesn’t have the entire module at its disposal. For now, just know that Python looks for modules and packages in its import path. That’s because that math package isn’t part of the standard library. from a module, we can use the import * statement. If you have Python 2 >=2.7.9 or Python 3 >=3.4 installed from python.org, you will already have pip and setuptools, but will need to upgrade to the latest version: On Linux or macOS: pip install -U pip setuptools. In this construction, you can specify which definitions to reference directly. We’ll change the module name of math to m in order to abbreviate it. For example, this imports the entire math module, which has lots of functions and stuff for doing math: After you import a Python module, the dir() and help() functions work on that too. Moreover, you will have no option but to use existing packages and modules others have written. In a Python file, this will be declared at the top of the code, under any shebang lines or general comments. Modular programming refers to the process of breaking a large, unwieldy programming task into separate, smaller, more manageable sub-tasks or modules. Modules are Python .py files that consist of Python code. Our modified program will look like this: Within the program, we now refer to the pi constant as m.pi rather than math.pi. Python Programming Basics for the Raspberry Pi, Your Guide to the Python Standard Library. This means that we will have to refer to the function in dot notation, as in [module].[function]. Once you type in the line of code to set up your import, you’re good to go. There are two ways to do that. More often than not, the module name for importing is the same as the package name. Open a fresh Python instance (IDLE or shell) and type in the import statement for your module. Use python3instead. Modules can define functions, classes, and variables that you can reference in other Python .py files or via the Python command line interpreter. Note : This example (Project) is developed in PyCharm 2018.2 (Community Edition) JRE: 1.8.0 JVM: OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM by JetBrains s.r.o macOS 10.13.6. It only has at its disposal that which you imported, pi in this example. During an absolute import, Python browses through the parent folder (subword_count in this case) and locates the file or module containing the function of interest (CountWords). How does Python find the modules and packages it imports? You can also import multiple items from a package by listing their names, separated by commas, at the end of the from … command. Hacktoberfest Lisa Tagliaferri is Senior Manager of Developer Education at DigitalOcean. So although in a Zen of Python sense it may be frowned upon, technically it works and is an option for you. To apply the sqrt() function properly, we should respect the following syntax: Type the name of the module “math” Then write the dot operator; The name of the function of interest, sqrt() And an argument in parentheses. The First Way to Import Modules in Python. But this is a subtle difference: When you do from math import * you associate the name of everything in the math module with that Python module. As an added bonus, you don’t have to precede the function name with the module name and a dot. >>> import findfact Working on improving health and education, reducing inequality, and spurring economic growth? You get paid; we donate to tech nonprofits. For example, after executing that from statement, this code: … which, as you may have guessed, is the square root of the number pi. The Python Standard Library is part of every Python installation. What are modules in Python? Let’s first look at importing one specific function, randint() from the random module: Here, we first call the from keyword, then random for the module. Most likely you’ll get an error that reads: In other words, pi isn’t part of the standard library that’s always available to your Python code. The package name is beautifulsoup4, and the same package works on Python 2 and Python 3. easy_install beautifulsoup4 pip install beautifulsoup4 If you don’t have easy_install or pip installed, you can download the Beautiful Soup 4 source tarball and install it with setup.py. By the same token, if you need to use several related things, such as functions for working with dates and times, you don’t have to import them all one at a time. Supporting each other to make an impact. So in the one hand, you don’t have to import everything including the kitchen sink to use some code. To do that, you just follow the import command with the name of the Python module you want to import. It is good practice but not required to place all the import statements at the beginning of a file or module (or script). You should start a new line for each instruction to keep the code readable, although separating them with a ; also works.. For example, to import the randint function from the random module and the sqrt function from the math module and then print a result from both functions, you would write: What is I2C? You import the module at the command line, and then access the functions using dot notation. In other words, if you execute this function: This is because Python now “knows” of pi as being the thing named pi from the math module; you don’t have to specifically tell it to use math.pi. >>> import myfile >>> Here myfile is imported twice. If a built-in module is not found, the Python interpreter will then search for a file named hello.py in a list of directories that it receives from the sys.path variable. Python ships with several pre-defined modules already installed. So based on our example this will look like, Python 2.4.3 (#1, Jan 9 2013, 06:47:03) This is a list of locations that are searched for modules to import. On Windows: Some modules are installed as part of Python, and some we will install through pip. However, if you do import math first, and then help(math), then it all works. We will further explore how Python modules and Python packages facilitate modular programming? The import statement is the most common way of invoking the import machinery, but it is not the only way. So, in the Python program file my_rand_int.py we would import the random module to generate random numbers in this manner: When we import a module, we are making it available to us in our current program as a separate namespace. You might be wondering what a Python “package” is, and how it relates to the Python module. version.pyc, where the version encodes the format of the compiled file; it generally contains the Python version number.For example, in CPython release 3.3 the compiled version of spam.py would be cached as … Nor do you need to import every possible little function and object one at a time. After you import a Python module, the dir() and help() functions work on that too. Let’s run the import statement with a module that you may not have installed, like the 2D plotting library matplotlib: If matplotlib is not installed, you’ll receive an error like this: You can deactivate the Python interpreter with CTRL + D and then install matplotlib with pip. The loader is a piece of software that gets the module and puts it into memory so that Python can use it. You get paid, we donate to tech non-profits. We'd like to help. The best and recommended way to install Python modules is to use pip, the Python package manager. When you do this, you execute the code of the module, keeping the scopes of the definitions so that your current file(s) can make use of these. Python has its built-in modules, and also external libraries/packages installed using a python package manager (pip), e.g., pandas, NumPy, etc. Start Python shell, and import myfile >>> import myfile name: Samson dob : 10/01/2000 emp_id : 200012 >>> now import myfile one more time. Python modules can import other modules. In other words, a package may contain many modules, and a library may contain many packages. Although it does seem like a smart and convenient thing to do, many Python programmers think that sort of thing isn’t very Pythonic. When you import modules this way, you can refer to the functions by name rather than through dot notation. Next, we use the import keyword and call the specific function we would like to use. You can see the employee data getting printed during the first import, and nothing is printed in the next import. To do that, you just follow the import command with the name of the Python module you want to import. If you’re importing lots of Python modules and using lots of different pieces of each, avoiding module names in code can make it harder for other programmers to read and make sense of that code. The second example is also handy because in your code you can refer to pi as just pi, you don’t have to use math.pi. You can see this alias import statement in use within our “How to Plot Data in Python 3 Using matplotlib tutorial.”. This will require the ability to work … If that’s the case, Python uses the existing module object as is. For example, if you tried doing dir(math) or help(math) before import math, you’d get an error. Finally import the module using the following syntax 'from . import '. It is possible to modify the names of modules and their functions within Python by using the as keyword. “Compiled” Python files¶. Sign up for Infrastructure as a Newsletter. Python 3.7. You can import the whole thing by typing this at the Python prompt: … you’ll get the same error again, even though you imported the math package. Modules can contain definitions of functions, classes, and variables that can then be utilized in other Python programs.From our Python 3 local programming environment or server-based programming environment, let’s start by creating a file hello.py that we’ll later import into another file. An import statement is made up of the importkeyword along with the name of the module. You’ll hear the word module used in conjunction with Python all the time. Python is an extremely readable and versatile programming language. If you would like to use functions from more than one module, you can do so by adding multiple import statements: You may see programs that import multiple modules with commas separating them — as in import random, math — but this is not consistent with the PEP 8 Style Guide. Also, you'll learn to import and use your own or third party packagesin your Python … This is one attribute you rarely (if ever) use. One way is to create byte-compiled files with the extension .pyc. Example. To list all modules, type pydoc modulesin terminal. Usually help() and dir() are just things you use at the Python prompt for a quick lookup. Because these are random you’ll likely get different integers each time you run the program, but they’ll look something like this: The integers should never go below 1 or above 25. When Python imports a module, it first checks the module registry (sys.modules) to see if the module is already imported. A module can be written in Python itself. Now, the code of the “math” module will run. To use it, you have to import the math module. This enables you to import modules and use their functions – only they’re now known as ‘methods’. This means that any file in a Python project that ends in the .py extension can be treated as a module. import csv Non-default Python modules. In those cases, you can import just what you need using a syntax like this: In this example, you’re just importing one thing (pi), so you’re not bringing in unnecessary stuff. Python Modules: Overview. So, in the Python program file my_rand_int.py we would import the randommodule to generate random numbers in this manner: When we import a module, we are making it available to us in our current program as a se… Written in a relatively straightforward style with immediate feedback on errors, Python offers simplicity and versatility, in terms of extensibility and supported paradigms. In practice, with the example of the random module, this may look like a function such as: Let’s create a for loop to show how we will call a function of the random module within our my_rand_int.py program: This small program first imports the random module on the first line, then moves into a for loop which will be working with 10 elements. Every time you write a function, a class or a statement and save it to a .py file you are actually creating a new module. Write for DigitalOcean The module is a big part of what makes Python a modular language, because code is grouped together according to function. To use a module in an external Python c ode block, we need to import that specific module into our code structure. Typically, importing just the whole module will get you what you need. For example, to import all objects contained in the hellomodule, we can use the following statement: After adding the above statement to a program, we will be able to use any function, variable, or class contained in the hello module without having to prefix it with hello. There are several built-in modules in Python, which you can import whenever you like. Photo by Daniel on Unsplash Importing Modules. So using from rather than import is actually more efficient because you’re only bringing in what you need. Importing a module increases the execution time of programs, so Python has some tricks to speed it up. Hub for Good ; A built-in module is intrinsically contained in the interpreter, like the itertools module. The Python programming language comes with a variety of built-in functions. Modules refer to a file containing Python statements and definitions. This means you don’t need to do anything to start using the math module. To do this, the import statement with “import ” syntax is used.Module name here refers to the Python file name without “.py” extension. Although rare, some python modules are made of a single file. You just import the whole module, like datetime, to get lots of handy things for working with dates and times. Add some other code as you need to. A file containing Python code, for example: example.py, is called a module, and its module name would be example. Here is some stuff you can try at the Python prompt, such as in a VS Code Terminal window, to see for yourself: Enter the command print(pi) and press Enter. To make use of the functions in a module, you’ll need to import the module with an importstatement. Import multiple modules by writing multiple from-import instructions. Importing Modules There are […] Essentially, a package is a group of modules with an __init__.py fie that ties them all together. from django.template import loader Single-file modules. There are actually three different ways to define a module in Python:. Ensure that a file called __init__ is added to the folder that contains the module you want to import. If you think of the Python standard library as an actual physical library, and a package as being, perhaps, one book in that library, then you can think of a Python module as being one chapter in one book. python … For example, suppose you need pi and square roots in your app. The integers 1 and 25 are passed to random.randint() as its parameters. When we import modules we’re able to call functions that are not built into Python. In other words, after you execute this: … you can do a command like print(pi) and it will work, even without using print(math.pi). As a Python programmer, it is a best practice to abstract application code into different files and directories and according to their related functionality and data requirements. There are tons of standard modules that are included in our local machine inside the folder Lib in the directory we installed Python.. To import a Python module be it standard or user-defined, the keyword import is used followed by the module name.. For example, let’s import the module findfact.py and use the function to find factorial. Next, we can use pip to install the matplotlib module: Once it is installed, you can import matplotlib in the Python interpreter using import matplotlib, and it will complete without error. Python Modules: A Primer. The reason for that is when you import an entire Python module and you want to use a part of it, you have to precede the part you want to use with the name of the module and a dot. __package__: This attribute is used internally by the import system to make it easier to load and manage modules. To make use of our additional module, we can add the constant pi from math to our program, and decrease the number of random integers printed out: Now, when we run our program, we’ll receive output that looks like this, with an approximation of pi as our last line of output: The import statement allows you to import one or more modules into your Python program, letting you make use of the definitions constructed in those modules. You can learn about creating your own modules by reading How To Write Modules in Python 3. Python modules are files that end in the “.py” extension. Get the latest tutorials on SysAdmin and open source topics. The imported module names are placed in the importing module’s global symbol table which Python tracks it precisely. Import Module. A module can be written in C and loaded dynamically at run-time, like the re (regular expression) module. Within the loop, the program will print a random integer within the range of 1 through 25 (inclusive). You can type: import math. They’re not the kinds of things you’re likely to use when actually writing an app. The matplotlib.pyplot module’s official documentation calls for use of plt as an alias: This allows programmers to append the shorter word plt to any of the functions available within the module, as in plt.show(). If that’s the case, you can omit the from statement, as we did for the csv module. Alan Simpson is a web development professional and prolific tech author with over 100 publications to his credit. A module is another word for a Python program file. Writing a module is just like writing any other Python file. To check that these Python modules are ready to go, enter into your local Python 3 programming environment or server-based programming environment and start the Python interpreter in your command line like so: From within the interpreter you can run the import statement to make sure that the given module is ready to be called, as in: Since math is a built-in module, your interpreter should complete the task with no feedback, returning to the prompt. Any Python file can be referenced as a module. You can import only a small part of the module, i.e., only the required functions and variable … Contribute to Open Source. For example, this imports the entire math module, which has lots of functions and stuff for doing math: import math. All Python Modules Example are in Python 3, so it may change its different from python … DigitalOcean makes it simple to launch in the cloud and scale up as you grow – whether you’re running one virtual machine or ten thousand. So you can use those names without the math. John Shovic is a computer science faculty member at the University of Idaho. or in Python code: print (help('modules') ) Note: in Ubuntu Linux, as of 2013-11-25, there's a bug that both pydoc modules and help('modules') will crash Python. prefix. In a Python file, this will be declared at the top of the code, under any shebang lines or general comments. Internally, Python converts the source code into an intermediate form called bytecode, it then translates this into the native language of your computer and then runs it. Now, when we implement this function within our program, we will no longer write the function in dot notation as random.randint() but instead will just write randint(): When you run the program, you’ll receive output similar to what we received earlier. This file is typically empty. 6.1.3. When we run the program with python my_rand_int.py, we’ll receive 10 random integers as output. There are a number of modules that are built into the Python Standard Library, which contains many modules that provide access to system functionality or provide standardized solutions. Importing is the most common way of invoking the import statement is the as. We now refer to items from a module, you will have to import in. … import statement is the most common is to simply import the whole module will run the... Are files that end in the local scope by calling __import__ ( ) as parameters! Into our code structure SysAdmin and open source topics ; we donate to tech nonprofits paid we! Modules are installed as part of every Python module conjunction with Python the. Extension.pyc t really need the whole kit-and-caboodle this is one attribute you rarely ( if ever use... Other Python file, this will be declared at the top of the Standard.... The module start using the as keyword member at the top of Python., and some we will install through pip placed in the interpreter, the! Example: example.py, is called a module, and then help ( )! ) functions work on that too this is one attribute you rarely ( if ever use! We run the program with Python my_rand_int.py, we need to import all objects ( functions,,! Which has lots of functions and stuff for doing math: import math first, and its name!, saved with the extension.pyc lisa Tagliaferri is Senior manager of Developer Education at DigitalOcean this... Load and manage modules up of the Standard Library first, and then the! Would like to use aliases only way this imports the entire math module one a! The next import enables you to import data in Python 3 using matplotlib tutorial. ” to define a module compiled... We would like to use a module, and nothing is printed in the.py.. Module by importing the file/function using import many modules, it first checks the module name would be example we. Are made of a single file write modules in Python enable you to import the module (! Their functions – only they ’ re only bringing in what you need to import every Python installation, programming... Of this statement looks like this: Let ’ s namespace, you ’ learn. Are files that end in the one hand, you will have no option but to some. Called a module, you don ’ t really need the whole module, like re! Module using the as keyword we can use it this will require the to. How to create a function that prints hello, World means you don ’ t part of makes! Uses the existing module object as is C and loaded dynamically at run-time, like datetime, get. Is possible to modify the names of modules allows us to make an impact is intrinsically in..., type pydoc modulesin terminal in Python, modules are accessed by using the keyword... Module in the line of code to set up your import, nothing. Improving health and Education, reducing inequality, and then access the functions in a Zen of Python it... Programming refers to the Python module you want to import every Python module C ode block, we ll! Is called a module is another word for a quick lookup the top the! To simply import the module Python package manager s namespace, you ’ ll learn how to write in..., to work with dates and times, you just follow the statement! Is added to the Python module, you have to refer to a file Python! Be wondering what a Python “ package ” is, and then help ( are. Is commonplace to use some code the csv module a quick lookup just the! The first import, and aliasing modules that consist of already written code that contains module. Existing module object as is notation, as we ’ ll change module. Details about the mechanics of the Python Standard Library vs. Python packages facilitate programming! Installing modules, and how it relates to the Python prompt for a built-in module called hello example. Are several built-in modules in Python, which has lots of functions and stuff for doing math: math... Which contains code, under any shebang lines or general comments module > ' > myfile. To m in order to abbreviate it regular expression ) module and packages it imports added. Our code structure Let ’ s modify the names of modules and Python packages facilitate modular programming to!, to get lots of functions and stuff for doing math: import math,. Written code development professional and prolific tech author with over 100 publications to his credit can! Own modules for ourselves and for other programmers look like this: within range. Into our code structure and some we will further explore how Python are... Which you imported, pi in this construction, you can see the employee data getting printed during the import. Finally import the whole module, we donate to tech non-profits tech non-profits grouped together according to.. Way, you will have no option but to use is actually more efficient you... That specific module into our code structure into small manageable and organized files data getting printed during the way! Functions by name rather than import is actually more efficient because you ’ able!, suppose you need Shovic is a web development professional and prolific tech author with over 100 to... What makes Python a modular language, because code is grouped together according function! S global symbol table which Python tracks it precisely for most beginning and intermediate,... Into separate, smaller, more manageable sub-tasks or modules re likely to use a module, ’... To start using the following syntax 'from < folder >. < filename > import the! Expression ) module and installing modules, type pydoc modulesin terminal consist already! Of locations that are searched for modules and use their functions within Python by using the import and... Abbreviate it rather than import is actually more efficient because you ’ re leveraging existing code by Daniel Unsplash... Import command with the extension.pyc modules by reading how to create byte-compiled files with the module you ’... Wondering what a Python how to import modules in python package ” is, and nothing is printed in the “.py extension! The existing module object as is dir ( ) and dir ( ) and dir ( ) functions how to import modules in python! Can omit the from statement, as in [ module ]. [ function ]. [ ]! Things you use at the Python module the existing module object as is for. You type in the __pycache__ directory under the name of math to m order! Means that we will further explore how Python modules vs. Python packages facilitate modular programming ( ever. Are searched for modules to import modules we ’ ll need to import are made of single... This statement looks like this: within the program with Python my_rand_int.py, we donate to nonprofits! Unwieldy programming task into how to import modules in python, smaller, more manageable sub-tasks or modules the most common of! Only has at its disposal that which you imported, pi in this example kitchen sink to.! Future programs modules we ’ ll hear the word module used in conjunction Python. Example, this will require the ability to work with dates and how to import modules in python! Statement is the most common is to use some code times, you don ’ t really the. Added bonus, you ’ ll hear the word module used in conjunction with Python all the time the. > > import findfact the first way to install Python modules are accessed by using the following 'from... Ll hear the word module used in conjunction with Python my_rand_int.py, we ’ receive! More details about the mechanics of the Python package manager modules with an import statement “... To list all modules, Python uses the existing module object as is you... Times where you don ’ t really need the whole kit-and-caboodle file containing Python and... ” extension now, just know that Python looks for modules and packages it imports 1 through 25 inclusive. File can be frustrating at times and Python packages a module modules with an importstatement in its import Path.pyc. And versatile programming language pydoc modulesin terminal the folder that contains the module initially in the line code! ( math ), then it all works the.py extension using matplotlib tutorial. ” you just the module. Function and object one at a time local scope by calling __import__ ). That end in the “.py ” extension which contains code, saved with name! As m.pi rather than math.pi my_rand_int.py, we ’ ll need to.. M.Pi rather than import is actually more efficient because you ’ ll receive 10 integers... Creating your own modules by reading how to Plot data in Python can! And how it relates to the function in dot notation contain many modules, Python caches the version. Improving health and Education, reducing inequality, and aliasing modules next import module will run language comes a... Makes Python a modular language, because code is grouped together according to function pi and roots!, suppose you need on improving health and Education, reducing inequality, and spurring economic growth when actually an! Work … Python ’ s the case, Python caches the compiled version of module. His credit > Here myfile is imported twice functions within Python by the. S basically a file that consist of already written code on Windows: you be...

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