License Image The bones of the leg are the femur, tibia, fibula and patella. Stocktrek Images/Getty Images The knee is a hinge joint formed by two bones, the femur and tibia , which are held together by muscles, tendons, a joint capsule, and four main ligaments —the medial collateral ligament, lateral collateral ligament, anterior cruciate ligament , and posterior cruciate ligament. The end of the femur joins the top of the tibia to create the knee joint. The knee anatomy is a complex hinge joint that flexes, extends, and twists slightly from side to side. The knee joint is the largest joint in the body and is primarily a hinge joint, although some sliding and rotation occur. —The synovial membrane of the knee-joint is the largest and most extensive in the body. The knee is a hinge joint that is responsible for weight-bearing and movement. The knee is the largest joint in the human body and a common source of athletic-related injuries. The knee joint is a synovial joint. The innervation of the knee joint. This fluid is known as the synovial fluid. All the components of the knee - bones, cartilage, synovial membrane, ligaments, tendons and muscles - must work together properly for the knee to move smoothly. Tibiofemoral. The knee joint is made up of bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, bursae, and meniscus. Medial and lateral condyles of the femur articulate with the tibial condyles. The knee joint is the largest and one of the most complex joints in the human body. Abstract. Knee Joint Anatomy: Knee joint movements are flexion (bend) and extension (straightens). Articular cartilage. Knee Anatomy - The Knee Joint is the largest & complex joint in the body . Note that if you would like the label the knee joint removed and the image re-centered on the page, just The synovial fluid which lubricates the knee joint is pushed anteriorly when the knee is in extension, posteriorly when the knee is flexed and in the semi flexed knee the fluid is under the least tension therefor being the most comfortable position if there is a joint effusion. Three bones meet to form your knee joint: your thighbone (femur), shinbone (tibia), and kneecap (patella). The knee is the joint where the bones of the lower and upper legs meet. See more ideas about Anatomy, Knee joint anatomy, Knee joint. Complexity of joint due to fusion of 3 joints: a. Lateral femorotibial b. Medial femorotibial c. Femoropatellar. In the knee joint, the femur articulates with the tibia and the patella. Partial joint denervation II: knee and ankle. Knee Joint - Science topic. The knee consists of bones, meniscus, ligaments, and tendons. Knee, hinge joint that is formed by the meeting of the thigh bone (femur) and the larger bone (tibia) of the lower leg. tibia – the bone at the front of the lower leg, or shin bone. The knee joint is a synovial joint this means it contains a fluid that lubricates it. the two important tendons in the knee are (1) the quadriceps tendon connecting the quadriceps muscle, which lies on the front of … Know the anatomy including bones, cartilages, muscles, ligaments, tendons-quadriceps. It is also one of the most often injured joints because of its anatomic characteristics, the interrelation of its structural components, and the significant external forces that act… The knee joint is the largest and one of the most complex joints in the human body. Selective denervation of the knee: experience, case reports, and technical notes Innervation of the human knee joint and implications for surgery. Patellofemoral. The structure of a normal knee joint. These syndromes are reviewed in terms of the structures involved and their role in knee physiology. Activities at the knee joint are required for numerous everyday activities, including walking, running, sitting and standing. The knee is a complex joint made up of 3 articulations: the medial and lateral femorotibial joints and the patellofemoral joint. This is a bold print of an original watercolor that I made of the knee joint. It is responsible for weight bearing and movement. It provides the lower leg to move relative to the thigh while holding the body’s weight. The foot bones shown in this diagram are the talus, navicular, cuneiform, cuboid, metatarsals and calcaneus. 2 condylar joints between condyles of femur and tibia b. Classified as a pivotal hinge joint, the knee allows for straightening and bending in one direction, with some twisting (screw home mechanism). It is comprised of bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, and other tissues. The Knee Joint is the biggest and most complicated joint within the body. The knee joint is the most complicated and one of the strongest joints in the human body. The aim of this short report is to examine knee joint anatomy and physiology with respect to knee stability. Explore the latest questions and answers in Knee Joint, and find Knee Joint experts. The knee consists of three bones: femur – the upper leg bone, or thigh bone. The knee joint is the point at which the femur bone of the thigh meets the tibia bone of the lower leg. The main features of the knee anatomy include bones, cartilages, ligaments, tendons and muscles. Apr 29, 2020 - Explore sarahjw1972's board "Knee joint anatomy" on Pinterest. Commencing at the upper border of the patella, it forms a large cul-de-sac beneath the Quadriceps femoris ( Figs. These include the iliotibial tract syndrome, the anserine syndrome, bursitis of the medial collateral ligament, Baker's cyst, popliteus tendon tenosynovitis and bursitis of the deep infrapatellar bursa. Knee Joint: The knee joint is one of the hardest and most crucial joints in the human body. however, it is vulnerable to degradation with aging, that develops the condition of osteoarthritis, that is a disorder in which the joint cartilages and underlying bones start to break down and pain , stiffness, swelling and lower range of motion occur as primary symptoms. The ends of the femur and tibia, and the back of the patella are covered with articular cartilage. Science topic. Structure, Ligaments, Bursae, Movements & Clinical anatomy of the Knee Joint. Anterior aspect of … MRI Knee Anatomy. The knee is … This slippery substance helps your knee bones glide smoothly across each other as you bend or straighten your leg. Type of Joint: Compound synovial joint involving: a. Knee Anatomy Francesc Malagelada Jordi Vega Pau Golanó The knee is the largest joint in the human body and one of the most complex from a functional point of view. The largest joint in the body, the knee moves like a hinge, allowing you to sit, squat, walk or jump. The knee is the largest and most complex joint in the body, containing numerous parts that have to work in concert for proper joint function. The knee joint is a hinge joint, meaning it allows the leg to extend and bend back and forth with minimal side-to-side motion. It is not a simple hinge joint because it has 6° of motion: flexion/extension, internal/external rotation, varus/valgus, compression/distraction, anterior/posterior translation, and medial/lateral translation. 2) Latral Condylar Joint : Between the lateral condyle “of the femur” & … Anatomy; Basic Knee MRI; Checklist; SHOULDER Anatomy; Arthrogram Anatomy; Basic Shoulder MRI; ANKLE Anatomy; Basic Ankle MRI; ELBOW Anatomy; Basic Elbow MRI; WRIST Wrist; Basic Wrist MRI; HIP Hip; Basic Hip MRI; CONTACT. The patella (or kneecap, as it is commonly called) is made of bone and sits in front of the knee. 350 , 351 ) on the lower part of the front of the femur, and frequently communicates with a bursa interposed between the tendon and the front of the femur. It's most commonly torn during sports that involve sudden stops and changes in direction — such as basketball, soccer, tennis and volleyball. 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